The following text is taken from The University of Findlay's graduate catalog.
The Master of Arts in Education at The University of Findlay is built around the theme of “Educational Leadership.” The curriculum seeks to integrate the following: the conceptual basis of teaching, a historical perspective on teaching and inquiry into present practices, issues and shortcomings of the profession, and promising practices. To accomplish educational reform, educators must be leaders, catalysts causing good things to happen in classrooms. To that end, they must work effectively with students, parents and the community.
The basic mission of the Master of Arts in Education is to enhance the development of teachers, administrators and human resource development specialists so that they are prepared to:
- Examine and develop their own significant role as educational leaders with 21st-century skills;
- Become aware of the variety of family, social service, community and business resources available to educators and develop collaborative plans and/or training materials to provide for perceived needs;
- Foster enhanced communication skills;
- Develop techniques for managing change;
- Reflect on instructional trends, methods and models in a teaching area of choice, selecting those most appropriate for the needs of their student population; and
- Experience the role of educator as researcher.
To be considered for full admission, candidates must:
1. Have a minimum cumulative undergraduate grade point average of 2.75 on a 4.0 scale or a minimum GPA of 3.0 in the last 60 semester hours of undergraduate work or a graduate GPA of at least 3.0 in at least nine hours of graduate work. This includes classes from all institutions attended. Candidates who do not meet the criteria for full admission may be considered for conditional admission (see requirements below).
2. Principal and superintendent candidates must supply three letters of recommendation.
3. Supply a copy of teaching certificate(s) or license(s) when applicable.
4. Possess a baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution or hold a first-professional doctorate when no baccalaureate degree was offered (e.g., PharmD, etc.).
5. Submit official transcripts, which can be in the form of attested credentials from a University-recognized document verification agency, of all college-level work.
Conditional admission may be considered for those who do not meet the above criteria for full admission. To be considered for conditional admission, candidates must have a cumulative GPA between 2.5 and 2.74 and supply three letters of recommendation. Candidates approved for conditional admission must achieve a minimum of 3.0 grade point average in their first nine graduate hours of coursework in order to be granted full admission status.
Students whose native language is not English and who have not graduated from American universities must meet the previously listed admissions conditions, plus:
1. Have a minimum score of at least 79 on a verified TOEFL Internet-based test (iBT) with 20 or better in speaking and 20 or better in writing or a verified International English Language Testing System (IELTS) academic score with a minimum overall band score of 7.0.
2. Provide an affidavit of financial support (original), if not an American citizen or permanent resident.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education, students are required to complete 33 semester hours of graduate-level classes in education or related fields. Required core courses total 15 semester hours: EDUC 500, 502, 505, 541 and 552 (culminating project). Students may select the remaining 18 semester hours from strands: AYA/Multi-Age, Children’s Literature, Curriculum and Teaching, Early Childhood, Educational Administration, Educational Technology, Human Resource Development, Intervention Specialist, Reading, Science Education and Middle Childhood. No more than one course with a grade of “C+,” “C” or “C-” can be used to meet graduation requirements.
Six semester hours may be taken as electives in Bilingual/Multicultural (BLMC), Business (MBA), HEPR 622 or Environmental Management (ENVM). Students are limited to six semester hours of independent study (EDAD 545, EDCI 545, EDFI 545, EDHR 545, EDIS 545 or EDSP 545) and/or workshop (EDAD 546, EDCI 546, EDFI 546, EDHR 546, EDIS 546 or EDSP 546) credits that may be applied toward their degrees as approved by their adviser.
Workshop credit may be applied to licensure renewal. Additional hours may be required for completion of Ohio licensure or endorsement. Prospective students must make an appointment with College of Education personnel in their area of interest to discuss options and plan a course of study to meet individual career goals.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education in Children’s Literature requires a student to complete the graduate education core and the Children’s Literature Strand: six courses from EDCI 565, EDSP 548, 621, 622, 648, EDUC 514 or 515.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education in Curriculum and Teaching requires a student to complete the graduate education core and the Curriculum and Teaching Strand: six courses from EDAD 570, 574, 586, EDIS 530, EDSP 615, 618, 620 or two COE graduate courses.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education in Educational Administration requires a student to complete the graduate education core and six courses from the Educational Administration Strand: EDAD 568, 570, 572, 574, 576, 578, 584 and 586.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education with a Human Resource Development Strand requires a student to complete the graduate education core and the Human Resource Development Strand: EDHR 641, 642 and 643. In addition the student must complete one of the following:
Leadership Emphasis: EDUC 650, EDSP 630 and HEPR 622 or MBA 610
Training and Development Emphasis: MBA 610, 620 and 624
Operational Compliance Training Emphasis: ENVM 520, 570 and 655
Web Instruction Emphasis: EDFI 560, 565 and 644.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education in Science Education requires a student to complete the graduate education core and the Science Education Strand: six courses from EDSP 603, 604, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609 or 610.
To earn an endorsement in Educational Technology (K-12 classroom teachers) students are required to take 18 hours from EDFI 560, 565, 570, 575, 580 and 585.
To earn a Master of Arts in Education degree with an emphasis in technology without the endorsement, e.g. international students, University personnel, graduate students from the athletic area, requires 18 hours including EDFI 560, and 15 hours from EDFI 562, 564, 565, 567, 570, 575, 580 or 585.
To earn a certificate in training and Web instruction students are required to complete EDFI 560, 565 and 644; EDHR 641, 642 and 643.
To earn a certificate in Web instruction students are required to complete EDFI 560, 565 and 644.
In order to be a program completer at The University of Findlay, post-baccalaureate licensure candidates must successfully complete all aspects of the Post-Baccalaureate Assessment Plan, including all PRAXIS II tests in their area of licensure, maintaining at least a 3.0 GPA and successfully completing all required field experiences, including student teaching. There is also a portfolio requirement at each of the three levels of the Post-Baccalaureate Assessment Plan.
The Post-Baccalaureate Licensure program is designed for candidates who have earned a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution and desire to become licensed teachers. It is a program that offers entry into the teaching profession by either combining a Master of Arts in Education degree with initial teaching licensure or by completing required course work leading to licensure areas in a non-degree program. Some course work earns graduate credit. However, undergraduate courses may be required for some licensure areas.
After completion of a licensure program a four-year resident educator license will be issued by the Office of Licensure, Ohio Department of Education/Ohio Board of Regents. The candidate must have completed required courses in the teaching field, education methods courses, classroom field experiences, student teaching and state-required examinations to be eligible for licensure. This initial teaching license is the same license that is issued to the four-year teacher education undergraduate candidates. For more information about licensure and jobs in teaching, candidates should review the Ohio Department of Education website: http://www.ode.state.oh.us/.
State-Mandated Changes in Teacher Licensure Requirements
The Ohio Department of Education and the Ohio Board of Regents continue to implement new teacher licensure standards for education candidates. In order to be compliant with the new regulations, the Teacher Education program at The University of Findlay will initiate ongoing changes. While the faculty and administrative staff of the College of Education make every effort to ensure accuracy of information given to students enrolled in teacher education programs, the College of Education reserves the right to insert without prior notice changes or additions that will improve the quality of these programs. These changes usually result from authorized licensure modifications imposed on the University by the Ohio Department of Education, Ohio Board of Regents and/or National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education. Updated information will be shared with students in writing and orally in a timely manner. Please contact the chairperson of the Department of Licensure in the College of Education for the most up-to-date information.
Licenses and Endorsements
Licenses available are: Early Childhood (EC); Middle Childhood (MC); Intervention Specialist in Mild/Moderate Disabilities (IS); Adolescent to Young Adult (AYA) - Integrated Social Studies, Integrated Language Arts, Life Science, Integrated Science, Integrated Mathematics; Multi-Age Licenses (MA) - Drama/Theatre, Health, Visual Arts, Japanese, Spanish, Physical Education; Principal and Superintendent.
Available endorsements include: Pre-Kindergarten Special Needs, Reading, Educational Technology, Middle Childhood Generalist (for teaching self-contained fourth to sixth grades), Early Childhood Generalist (for teaching fourth and fifth grades) and TESOL/Bilingual. Note that a student receiving a Master of Arts in Education degree and the reading endorsement (completion of EDFI 535, 543, 650 and 655) will have both the degree and the endorsement appearing on his/her official transcript. This is considered a master’s in the field of reading.
Certificates available are: Training and Web Instruction
Field Experience Requirements
Candidates for post-baccalaureate licensure will be required to participate in several field experiences throughout their programs. This will vary from program to program, so candidates should discuss the requirement with their advisers or program directors. All candidates for initial licensure are required to complete a methods field experience for six weeks (eight weeks for Early Childhood in preschool setting) while they take their methods courses. This is similar to the junior block in the undergraduate program. Student teaching is a full 16-week experience.
Post-Baccalaureate Assessment and Portfolio Requirements
In order to be a program completer at The University of Findlay, post-baccalaureate licensure candidates must successfully complete all aspects of the Post-Baccalaureate Assessment Plan, including passing all PRAXIS II tests in their area of licensure, maintaining at least a 3.0 GPA and successfully completing all required field experiences, including student teaching. There is also a portfolio requirement at each of the three levels of the Post-Baccalaureate Assessment Plan. The College of Education uses a computer program for lesson planning, portfolio development and other assignments.
Licensure and PRAXIS Exam
Students who currently hold a teaching certificate/license may take specified courses leading to licensure in another area offered by the University. Also, students seeking new licensure may be required to complete a student teaching experience in the new area. Students seeking additional licensure areas may be required to take one or more additional PRAXIS exams. For questions regarding licensure and/or PRAXIS, please contact the Licensure/Certification Office or the PRAXIS Officer at 419-434-4844 or the program director in the licensure area.
Post-baccalaureate licensure candidates must begin with EDFI 503, which is the introductory course, and EDFI 560, unless those courses have already been taken. If a candidate transfers in EDFI 503, then EDFI 500, an on-line one-semester-hour orientation course, is required as an introduction course. Students who transfer the introductory course from another institution must take a one-hour seminar to acclimate them to The University of Findlay’s program. Candidates should meet with their adviser to determine the appropriate sequence of courses. Some courses are offered once a year, so advising regarding the sequence is essential.
It is recommended that candidates earning a Master of Arts in Education start the graduate program with EDUC 500, which introduces the theme of Educational Leadership. Candidates must take EDUC 500 before EDUC 541 and EDUC 505 before EDUC 552.
It is recommended that candidates take EDUC 505 toward the end of their studies. Ideas for research projects are likely to come from the elective strand/licensure/endorsement courses. Candidates must have completed at least 18 semester hours of course work in order to enroll in EDUC 505. It is required that candidates follow EDUC 505 with EDUC 552 because their EDUC 505 project will be completed in EDUC 552.