The University of Findlay's College of Pharmacy strives to offer our students pharmacy practice experiences that complement the Pharm. D. curriculum by providing students with the opportunity to improve their skills through real-life application and increase their depth of pharmacy knowledge through interaction with patients and other healthcare providers.
The college relies on a body of dedicated preceptors to provide high-quality experiences to our students at all levels. If you are currently a University of Findlay preceptor, or if you are interested in becoming a preceptor, click here for more information.
Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences (IPPE)
What's an IPPE?
Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (IPPE) education is incorporated into the Pharm. D. curriculum of P3 through P5 students. All colleges of pharmacy are required to offer early pharmacy practice experiences by the Accreditation Council of Pharmacy Education
(ACPE). Each School or College of Pharmacy may structure its early experience program differently or may use different terms to define it.
The Goal of IPPEs
The goal of The University of Findlay College of Pharmacy's IPPE program is to provide practical, supervised, intellectually stimulating, professional experiences which will enable students to develop a fundamental understanding of the healthcare system and learn how the pharmacist integrates into various settings, not only working with patients but with other healthcare professionals to improve patient care.
At the University of Findlay College of Pharmacy, students complete 50 hours of unpaid, supervised experiences with a pharmacist practitioner during each semester of their P3, P4 and P5 years. Examples include, but are not limited to, community pharmacy, institutional pharmacy, long-term care, mail order pharmacy and compounding pharmacy. In these settings student learning will mirror their didactic course work with the integration of the "Pharmacists' Patient Care Process."
Throughout the curriculum, students will complete academic service-learning in addition to their 50 IPPE hours each semester. These service-learning experiences allow students to use the unique knowledge and skills they’ve acquired in pharmacy school to give back to Findlay and the surrounding community.
Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE)
What's an APPE?
Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) encompass the entire curriculum of the sixth and final year of the Doctor of Pharmacy program. The University of Findlay's APPE program provides nine one-month rotations for students. These rotations are experiential-based among diverse patient populations, problem-solving experiences designed to train the students to become active members of an integrated healthcare team providing patient care.
Students will gain fundamental understanding of the healthcare system and learn how the pharmacist integrates into various settings, not only working with patients but with other healthcare professionals to improve patient care.
The Goal for APPEs
The goal for the University of Findlay's APPE program is to educate students to apply problem-solving skills using the "Pharmacists' Patient Care Process", to assess patient parameters, optimize drug therapy and provide quality patient care in various diverse practice settings.
The student, under the direction of various faculty and preceptors, will integrate his or her knowledge of physical assessment, pharmacology, pharmacotherapy, pathophysiology, pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in assessing patients, creating therapeutic plans and evaluating drug therapy. At each site, learning will be directed by an assigned preceptor, but the student is expected to become a functioning member of the healthcare team and contribute to patient care services. As rotations progress, the students are expected to gain more independence and direct their own learning in preparation for their future as practicing pharmacists.
The following rotations are required for sixth year APPE students:
- Ambulatory Care
- Hospital/Institutional Pharmacy
- Geneal Medicine
- Two special population rotations -
- ("Special population" refers to any population of patients with a specific trait or disease state in common. Examples of special populations include geriatric patients, pediatric patients, diabetic patients and many others.)
The students also select three, one-month elective rotations in any of the above areas or in other areas specific to their career goals. Two of the three electives will focus on direct patient care. Elective rotation opportunities include management, nuclear medicine, veterinary medicine, medication safety, any special population and medical mission trips among many others.
The University of Findlay has developed a unique APPE curriculum. In this program, students entering their sixth year are assigned to one of our "hub" sites for the completion of their required APPEs. Hub sites may be a large health system or in a geographic area with several smaller sites working together. Students complete required rotations at their hub site, and they may choose to complete up to three elective rotations "off-site."
The University of Findlay has a close relationship with more than 30 hub sites and because of this, the students benefit from preceptors who are well trained, familiar with the unique needs of students, and experienced in teaching and working with students on a daily basis. The hub site model also offers several advantages to the student. Instead of rotating to nine different locations during the sixth year of pharmacy school, University of Findlay students have the opportunity to remain in one geographical location for the majority of their experiences. This alleviates the need to secure room and board in several different cities.
Click here for College of Pharmacy APPE Requirements and additional Hub Site Model information.