The mission of the occupational therapy program at the University of Findlay is to prepare occupational therapists who understand and value a community-focused and occupation-based approach to practice, are leaders in a variety of professional roles and participate in ongoing professional development in preparation for service in diverse communities.
The goal of the master of occupational therapy program is to provide educational experiences that foster the knowledge, skills and values necessary for entry-level occupational therapy practitioners.
Philosophy StatementThe occupational therapy curriculum is organized around the concepts of humans as occupational beings, the daily performance of occupations, and an understanding of the contextual complexities that are necessary for meaningful occupational performance. Meyer (1922) suggests that the essence of human functioning includes being active and that active engagement serves to ground humans in reality. Kielhofner (1995) has defined human occupation as "doing culturally meaningful work, play or daily living tasks in the stream of time and in the contexts of one’s physical and social world" (p.3). These occupations are the foundation for productive living. Dunn, Brown, and McGuigan (1994) extend this concept by suggesting that occupational performance may be understood by examining the phenomenology of the interactions between the person, the task, and the environmental experiences of the individual who is engaged in occupations. The use of occupation as a therapeutic tool is grounded in the historical and theoretical foundations of the profession.
An individual may combine occupations in a variety of ways to support and satisfy the occupational demands of his/her unique life roles and activities of daily living that may include: self-care, work and productive activities, education, play, leisure, rest, and relaxation. Occupational therapists are concerned with the ability of individuals of all ages to perform occupations that allow them to live satisfying and productive lives. In addition, occupational therapists ensure client-centered practice by involving individuals in the process of determining which performance areas receive attention in the therapeutic process. Occupational therapists believe that occupational performance is enhanced through a holistic approach that includes attending to and respecting the physical, mental, social, cultural, and spiritual dimensions of the individual. The occupational therapy process also includes cooperation and collaboration among clients, caregivers, family members, and other professionals. The practice of occupational therapy requires a continually developing base of clinical reasoning and technical competencies for effective interaction, evaluation, and implementation of intervention strategies.
There are many diverse direct and indirect service delivery contexts in which occupational therapists practice. These settings and areas of practice may include: school systems, long-term care facilities, acute care settings, physical rehabilitation settings, mental health programs, home care opportunities, early intervention programs, industrial rehabilitation programs, case management, community-based programs, consultation, education, research, disease prevention and health promotion. Occupational therapists must understand that society and health care are dynamic institutions impacted by individual, local, national, and global growth and change. The practice of occupational therapy also includes innovative, creative thinking necessary for the advancement of the individual and the profession to meet the ever-changing demands of occupational therapy, health care, and society.
It is essential that occupational therapists understand, internalize, and live the ethical principles and values of the profession.